Tumor Board Papers
Diagnosis and management of an endometrial cancer patient with Cowden syndromeSomatic PTEN alterations are common in endometrial carcinoma (EC), but in rare cases PTEN mutations are associated with inherited syndromes. Here, we present a case of Cowden syndrome-associated EC. We discuss clinical, pathologic and molecular features of her tumor and PTEN-mutated EC, inherited syndromes predisposing to EC and PTEN-targeted therapies.
Immunotherapy combined with high- and low-dose radiation to all sites leads to complete clearance of disease in a patient with metastatic vaginal melanomaA 73-year-old woman with metastatic vaginal mucosal melanoma that had progressed on ipilimumab and nivolumab experienced clinical and radiographic complete response to dual checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy given in combination with high-dose plus low-dose radiation. General characteristics and treatment options in this disease are highlighted.
Implications for management of ovarian cancer in a transgender man: Impact of androgens and androgen receptor statusA 36-year-old transgender man (assigned female at birth) on exogenous testosterone therapy was found to have stage IIA ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, and underwent adjuvant chemotherapy. Diffuse androgen receptor expression in the tumor initiated a multidisciplinary discussion regarding the safety of continuing exogenous testosterone as gender-affirming hormone therapy.
Small cell carcinoma of the ovary hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT): Comprehensive management of a newly diagnosed young adultSCCOHT is an aggressive malignancy linked to alterations of SMARCA4. We describe the diagnosis and therapy of a 32 year old who received multi-agent chemotherapy and underwent a second look operation with HIPEC followed by high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant. Supportive care, oncofertility, and genetic counseling are described.
Recurrent ovarian immature teratoma in a 12-year-old girl: Implications for managementImmature teratomas (IT) are rare and recurrences uncommon. A 12-year-old female with grade 3 (high-grade) ovarian IT underwent surgical resection but experienced early recurrences; the first was treated with surgery but the second was metastatic and managed with chemotherapy, resulting in growing-teratoma-syndrome and need for further surgery. She now remains well in uneventful clinical follow-up. We believe chemotherapy could be reserved for very carefully selected recurrent IT cases, which may alter the natural history of disease.
Diagnosis and management of a recurrent polymerase-epsilon (POLE)-mutated endometrial cancerPolymerase-epsilon (POLE)-mutated carcinomas are a rare, but well-known subtype of endometrial cancer. While typically associated with good prognosis, recurrences are documented. Here we present a case of recurrent POLE-mutated endometrial cancer, discuss pathologic features, current methods of molecular classification, and explore therapeutic implications for the POLE-mutation phenotype.
Locally advanced cervical cancer complicating pregnancy: A case of competing risks from the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in RomeA case of stage IB2 cervical cancer at 27 weeks of pregnancy, treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radical Cesarean hysterectomy with full pelvic and infra-mesenteric lymphadenectomy, and adjuvant chemo-radiation is described. While she remains without disease, her baby was diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia. We highlight the pre-operative work-up, treatment options, safety, feasibility, and outcomes for the mother and her fetus.
Durable response in a woman with recurrent low-grade endometrioid endometrial cancer and a germline BRCA2 mutation treated with a PARP inhibitorA 42-year-old woman with a germline BRCA2 mutation and recurrent low-grade endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma experienced clinical and radiographic response to the poly (ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, olaparib. Molecular and treatment factors are discussed.
Treatment of low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma in a nulligravid womanA 32 year-old nulligravid woman with a uterine mass underwent exploratory laparotomy with myomectomy. Final pathology revealed a low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) with positive margins. She subsequently underwent definitive robotic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy with ovarian preservation. She was diagnosed with a stage IB low-grade ESS. She is currently undergoing observation. Discussion of classification, surgical options, and adjuvant therapy is presented.