- Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the leading cause of death due to gynecologic malignancy. The majority of advanced stage EOC patients, even those who respond well to frontline therapy, will ultimately recur and succumb to their disease. In platinum-sensitive EOC patients, or those who recur ≥6 months from initial diagnosis, treatment of recurrent disease has traditionally consisted of repeat platinum-based chemotherapy. Secondary cytoreduction remains controversial. Due to recent advances in molecularly targeted treatment options, outcomes for advanced stage EOC patients are significantly improving and hold great promise.
- Uterine leiomyosarcoma is the most common type of uterine sarcoma. It is an extremely aggressive malignancy associated with a poor overall prognosis. Women affected may vary in age, but are most often diagnosed in their perimenopausal years. Presenting symptoms may be vague and mimic other benign uterine conditions. Preoperative diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma is difficult and often only made at time of surgical resection. These rare mesenchymal tumors are characterized by cytologic atypia, a high mitotic index, and tumor necrosis on histologic inspection.
- The success of targeted and immune therapies in other malignancies has led to an exponential increase in the number of active and pending clinical trials using these therapeutic approaches in patients with gynecologic cancers. These novel investigational agents are associated with unique and potentially life-threatening toxicities and many require special multidisciplinary logistical considerations. The objective of this review is to describe a practical approach for the safe implementation of targeted and immune therapies in academic gynecologic oncology practices based on our experience at M.D.