Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the leading cause of death due to gynecologic malignancy. The majority of advanced stage EOC patients, even those who respond well to frontline therapy, will ultimately recur and succumb to their disease. In platinum-sensitive EOC patients, or those who recur ≥6 months from initial diagnosis, treatment of recurrent disease has traditionally consisted of repeat platinum-based chemotherapy. Secondary cytoreduction remains controversial. Due to recent advances in molecularly targeted treatment options, outcomes for advanced stage EOC patients are significantly improving and hold great promise.