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The frequency of K-ras point mutation(PM) at codon 12 was studied in 45 patients with endometrial carcinoma. In vitro amplification of target sequences of DNA extracted from endometrial cancer tissues by polymerase chain reaction and dot blotting with oligonucleotide hybridization were performed. Ten of 45 endometrial carcinomas disclosed K-ras PM at codon 12 (22.2%). Transition from GGT to GAT was most frequent in PM(41.7%). Simultaneously, double PM (GAT/GCT) were also detected in 2 cases. No relationship appeared to be present between PM and clinical prognosis such as clinical stage, histological type, histological grade of differentiation, depth of myometrial invasion, and ascitic cytology. The positive rates of lymph nude metastasis tended to be higher in the group with positive PM than in the group without PM. K-ras and C-myc gene amplifications were found in 2 (5.1%) and 3 (7.7%) of 39 cases, respectively. No PM of H-ras at codons 12 and 61 was detected. Our results showed that the PM of K-ras gene at codon 12 was a fairly common event in genetic abnormality and suggested it would have some role in the progression of carcinogenesis in endometrial carcinoma.
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© 1993 Academic Press. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.