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Cisplatin can be safely administered to ovarian cancer patients with hypersensitivity to carboplatin

Published:October 27, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2016.10.023

      Highlights

      • HSR are a common adverse event in patients rechallenged with carboplatin for ROC
      • Carboplatin-PLD is associated with a lower risk of developing HSR compared to other doublets
      • Several strategies have been developed to continue platinum-based therapy in these patients.
      • Cisplatin rechallenge in patients with carboplatin HSR is a safe and feasible approach.
      • In patients treated with cisplatin without a carboplatin-related HSR, a low rate of cisplatin-related HSR has been detected.

      Abstract

      Objective

      Hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) are frequently reported in patients rechallenged with carboplatin for recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) and represent a critical issue, since discontinuation of the platinum-based therapy could affect prognosis. Several strategies to allow platinum rechallenge have been described, with controversial outcomes. The aim of this study is to illustrate a 10-year experience with cisplatin in patients with a previous HSR to carboplatin or at risk for allergy.

      Methods

      A retrospective review of all patients with platinum sensitive ROC retreated with carboplatin was performed between January 2007 and May 2016 at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Fondazione “G. Pascale”, Naples.

      Results

      Among 183 patients, 49 (26.8%) presented HSR to carboplatin, mainly during second line therapy. Mean number of cycles before HSR was 8 (range 3–17). G2, G3 and G4 reaction were detected in 83%, 15% and 2% of patients, respectively. In a multivariate analysis including age, hystotype, BRCA status, previous known HSR, and combination drug administered, only the type of carboplatin-based doublet used as 2nd line therapy was found to significantly affect HSR development, with a protective effect of PLD (pegylated liposomal doxorubicin) (p = 0.014, OR = 0.027). Thirty seven patients (77%) with a previous HSR to carboplatin were rechallenged with cisplatin. Treatment was generally well tolerated. 5 patients (13.1%) experienced mild HSR to cisplatin, successfully managed in all cases. 14 patients were treated with cisplatin even without a carboplatin-related HSR due to other allergies. Among these, only one developed HSR (7.1%).

      Conclusions

      Cisplatin rechallenge is a feasible approach in patients experiencing HSR to carboplatin to maintain the beneficial effect of platinum while reducing hypersensitivity-related risks.

      Keywords

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